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Case-law analysis

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Case-law Guides by theme

The Case-law Guides by theme series presents the Court’s key judgments, organised by theme and with transversal approach. These reviews of the case-law are regularly updated.

Data protection


Mass protests

Prisoners' rights


Publishers or organisations wishing to reproduce the Court's documents (or a translation thereof) in print or online are asked to contact for further instructions.

Pending translations

Case-law Guides by Article

The Case-law Guides by Article series presents the Court’s major judgments, organised by Convention article. These reviews of the case-law are regularly updated and translated into other languages.

Article 1

Obligation to respect human rights

English French


Article 2

Article 4

Prohibition of slavery and forced labour

English French 

Albanian Arabic Bosnian Chinese Croatian  Italian Macedonian Romanian NEW Russian  Serbian  Turkish Ukrainian

Article 6 (criminal limb)

Article 7

Article 8

Right to respect for private and family life

English  French 

Arabic Armenian Azerbaijani Bulgarian  Croatian Italian Romanian NEW Russian Turkish Ukrainian

Article 9

Freedom of thought, conscience and religion

English French 

Albanian Arabic Bulgarian Chinese Croatian  Georgian Italian Lithuanian Romanian NEW Serbian Turkish Ukrainian

Article 10

Freedom of expression

English French

Arabic Macedonian

Article 11

Freedom of assembly and association

English French 


Article 12

Right to marry


Article 13

Right to an effective remedy

English French  

Romanian NEW

Article 14 and Article 1 of Protocol No. 12

Prohibition of discrimination

English French

Article 15

Derogation in time of emergency

English French 

Albanian Armenian Chinese Bosnian  Turkish Ukrainian

Article 17

Prohibition of abuse of rights

English  French

Arabic Macedonian Turkish Ukrainian

Article 18

Limitation on use of restrictions on rights

English French

Azerbaijani Bulgarian Turkish 

Article 46

Binding force and execution of judgments



Article 1 of Protocol No. 1

Protection of property

English French

Romanian NEW Turkish

Article 2 of Protocol No.1

Article 3 of Protocol No.1

Article 3 of Protocol No. 4

Prohibition of expulsion of nationals

English NEW

Article 4 of Protocol No.4

Prohibition of collective expulsions of aliens

English French 

Albanian Arabic Bosnian Chinese Croatian  Russian Turkish Ukrainian

Article 1 of Protocol No. 7

Procedural safeguards relating to expulsion of aliens

English French

Article 4 of Protocol No.7

Right not to be tried or punished twice

English French 

Albanian Arabic Armenian Bulgarian  Romanian NEW Russian Serbian Ukrainian