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Case-law analysis

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Case-law Guides by theme

The Case-law Guides by theme series presents the Court’s key judgments, organised by theme and with transversal approach. These reviews of the case-law are regularly updated.

Data protection


European Union law in the case-law of the ECHR

French NEW

LGBTI rights

Prisoners' rights

Publishers or organisations wishing to reproduce the Court's documents (or a translation thereof) in print or online are asked to contact for further instructions.

Pending translations

Case-law Guides by Article

The Case-law Guides by Article series presents the Court’s major judgments, organised by Convention article. These reviews of the case-law are regularly updated and translated into other languages.

Article 1

Obligation to respect human rights

English French

Italian Turkish Ukrainian 


Article 3

Prohibition of torture


Persian NEW Russian 

Article 4

Article 6 (criminal limb)

Article 7

Article 8

Right to respect for private and family life

English  French 

Arabic Armenian Azerbaijani Bulgarian Croatian Italian  Korean Romanian Russian Spanish  Turkish Ukrainian

Article 9

Freedom of thought, conscience and religion

English French 

Albanian Arabic Bulgarian Chinese Croatian  Georgian Italian Korean NEW Lithuanian  Romanian Serbian Turkish Ukrainian

Article 10

Freedom of expression

English French

Arabic Korean Macedonian Romanian Serbian  Spanish NEW

Article 11

Freedom of assembly and association

English French 

Bulgarian Croatian Italian Korean  Romanian NEW Serbian Turkish

Article 12

Right to marry

English French

Italian Persian Romanian NEW

Article 13

Right to an effective remedy

English French  

Italian Romanian Turkish 

Article 14 and Article 1 of Protocol No. 12

Prohibition of discrimination

English French

Arabic Bulgarian Romanian Turkish 

Article 15

Derogation in time of emergency

English French 

Albanian Armenian Bosnian Chinese Italian  Romanian Russian Turkish Ukrainian

Article 17

Prohibition of abuse of rights

English  French

Arabic Italian Macedonian Romanian NEW  Serbian Turkish Ukrainian

Article 18

Limitation on use of restrictions on rights

English French

Azerbaijani Bulgarian Italian Romanian Russian  Turkish 

Article 46

Binding force and execution of judgments

English French 

Romanian Turkish

Article 1 of Protocol No. 1

Protection of property

English French 

Bulgarian Croatian Italian Romanian  Russian Turkish

Article 2 of Protocol No.1

Article 3 of Protocol No.1

Article 2 of Protocol No. 4

Freedom of movement

English French NEW

Article 3 of Protocol No. 4

Prohibition of expulsion of nationals

English French

Romanian NEW

Article 4 of Protocol No.4

Prohibition of collective expulsions of aliens

English French 

Albanian Arabic Bosnian Chinese Croatian  Romanian NEW Russian Turkish Ukrainian

Article 1 of Protocol No. 7

Procedural safeguards relating to expulsion of aliens

English French

Arabic Romanian NEW Turkish

Article 4 of Protocol No.7

Right not to be tried or punished twice

English French 

Albanian Arabic Armenian Bulgarian Italian  Romanian Russian Serbian Turkish Ukrainian