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European Convention on Human Rights

Convention (ENG)


The Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, better known as the European Convention on Human Rights, was opened for signature in Rome on 4 November 1950 and came into force in 1953. It was the first instrument to give effect to certain of the rights stated in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and make them binding.

Since its adoption in 1950 the Convention has been amended a number of times and supplemented with many rights in addition to those set forth in the original text.

European Convention on Human Rights

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European Convention on Human Rights

Protocol No. 15

Protocol No. 15 amending the Convention introduces a reference to the principle of subsidiarity and the doctrine of the margin of appreciation. It also reduces from six to four months the time-limit within which an application may be made to the Court following the date of a final domestic decision.

It will enter into force as soon as all the States Parties to the Convention have signed and ratified it.

Protocol No. 15 Explanatory report

Protocol No. 15 (Translation commissionned by the Italian Government)

Opinion of the Court (06/02/2013)

More information

European Convention - A living instrument

This is an educational publication on the Convention which presents the Convention, its development and its Articles and Protocols in an easy-to-read style.



The European Convention on Human Rights – A living instrument

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Rome, 4 November 1950